The Nobel Prize in Physics is an annual prize given to the best and brightest young scientists working in the fields of physics, chemistry and mathematics.
The prize is given annually to a student who has created a breakthrough in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) or a technology that has a significant impact on society.
A total of nine prizes have been awarded since 1908.
The Nobel prizes are given in various forms, but the first was given to Sir Isaac Newton in 1752 for his work on optics.
It was named after Isaac Newton’s wife Elizabeth, who had a daughter named Eliza.
Sir Isaac had two sons, John and Isaac, and he died in 1785.
The second Nobel Prize was given in 1903 to John Dewey, who was a leading US physicist.
He won the prize for physics because he had made breakthroughs in optics, gravitation and quantum mechanics.
He died in 1954.
In 2016, the Nobel committee announced that two young scientists had been selected to be among the nominees for the 2017 Nobel Prize.
They are John Niemöller and Arne Jacobsen.
Niemoellers work has been recognised in the US, UK and Japan.
Niemson’s work is a collaboration between his lab at the Max Planck Institute for Photonic Science in Germany and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).
The Nobel Committee described Niemoeers work as “unprecedented”.
“His achievement is so great that we are now at a turning point in the history of physics,” Niemøller said.
“His work is the key to understanding our universe.”
Jacobsen was awarded the Nobel prize for mathematics in 2017.
His work includes the discovery of a new algorithm that predicts the probability that a coin will land heads and tails on a die.
The discovery is important because if the algorithm is right, the probability of a heads-up event is equal to 1 in 100.
Jacobsen’s work also helped define the field of quantum mechanics, which he co-founded in 2003.
It is known for its ability to predict the behavior of quantum particles and forces, such as gravity.
In 2018, Niemoes work was recognised for “universally significant contributions to the development of computing”.
The first winner of the Nobel in physics in 1903 was John Bohr, who invented the atomic theory.
The theory is known as the “Big Bang”, and it predicted that the universe was made up of subatomic particles, which formed as an enormous explosion in the early universe.
Nieman has been a pioneer in the field, being awarded the Fields Medal in 2012.
In 2017, the Fields medal was given out for his research in gravitational wave physics.
Niemi has been an important scientist for decades.
His contributions to understanding the evolution of the universe, the development and evolution of life, the formation of galaxies and our own planet were key to the success of modern astronomy and astrophysics.
His research has been instrumental in understanding the structure of the Universe and the formation and evolution on the Earth of the first stars.
In 2013, Nieman was awarded a Fields Medal for his contributions to climate science.
The field of astrophysics has been gaining prominence over the last decade.
Niema’s work has revealed new features of the cosmos, such the existence of dark energy and dark matter, and the origin of dark matter.
He was one of the co-founders of the Large Hadron Collider, a particle accelerator in Switzerland that has been used to find the Higgs boson, which is the particle that physicists believe explains the mass of the Standard Model of particle physics.
The Higgs is the missing piece of the standard model of particle mechanics that explains how the universe behaves.
Niemines research has led to discoveries in a wide range of astrophysical phenomena.
Niemen has found evidence for supernovas and the existence a dark matter field in the universe.
The work also revealed that our universe was born 10 billion years ago and the earliest known stars were only 3.6 billion years old.
In 2015, Nieminets research was recognised as one of several important discoveries in astrophysics by the European Southern Observatory (ESO), the world’s largest astronomy observatory.
Niimys research has also been instrumental to uncovering the structure and composition of the Milky Way galaxy.
Niemellers work also led to the discovery and detection of supermassive black holes.
The universe is so dense that the gravitational pull of a black hole is so powerful that its gravity can collapse matter around it.
Niemoellers and Jacobsen have also been recognised for pioneering research in the development or detection of gravitational waves.
In 2014, Niemen was awarded an International Prize in the Exploration of the Unknown in astronomy for his discovery of gravitational wave waves.
Niomi has been one of a number of researchers working on the physics of gravitational effects in the Universe.
The research focuses on understanding how matter behaves when it collides with other matter and how gravitational